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PCOD problem Symptoms and Treatment

Updated: Jan 28

Within women's health, few conditions hold as much significance as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), alternatively referred to as Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOD). This article delves into the intricate web of PCOD, encompassing its PCOD problem symptoms and the myriad available PCOD treatment modalities. Our primary objective is not only informative but also geared towards empowering individuals seeking guidance concerning this pervasive health concern.

pcod problem symptoms

What is PCOD and PCOS?

A PCOD stands for Polycystic Ovarian Disease. It is a medical illness, in a woman's ovaries that generates a significant number of immature or partially mature eggs, which over time develop into cysts in the ovaries. This can lead to PCOD problem symptoms such as Infertility, irregular menstrual cycles, hair loss, and abnormal weight gain are all consequences, which cause the ovaries to become big and emit significant amounts of male hormones (androgens). Dietary and lifestyle changes can help to manage PCOD/PCOS treatment.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) impacts women during their reproductive years. You might not have PCOD side effects during normal periods if you have PCOS. Or maybe you undergo lengthy menstrual cycles. A hormone called androgen may be present in your body in excess.

Along the ovary's outer perimeter, several small sacs of liquid form in people with PCOS. Cysts are what they are. In the small cysts overfilled with liquid are developing eggs. They are called follicles. The follicles control the release of eggs on a regular basis.

What are the PCOD Problem Symptoms and Treatment?

PCOD, short for Polycystic Ovary Disorder, is a condition that can cause various problems. These can include symptoms or PCOD side effects like irregular periods, too much hair where you don't want it, pimples, gaining weight, losing hair, feeling different moods, and tummy pain. Symptoms of PCOD problems can also make it harder to have a baby because it messes up when eggs come out. So let's discuss these PCOD/PCOS problem symptoms in a bit more detail one by one.

  • Irregular Menstrual Cycles: Period irregularity is one of the defining PCOS symptoms and PCOD treatment. In other words, your menstrual cycle could be irregular, with periods that come too frequently or too infrequently. Some people may go weeks or even months between periods. For Example, One probability is that you move through the year with less than nine periods. Further, those intervals may be greater than 35 days. You can experience difficulties conceiving.

  • Excessive Hair Growth: In areas where hair growth is generally low, like the face, chest, and back, PCOD Symptoms can result in enhanced hair growth. Hirsutism is the name of the disorder, which can be upsetting for those who have it.

  • Acne: Many individuals with problems of PCOD symptoms experience persistent acne outbreaks, which can be bothersome and affect self-esteem.

  • High Blood Pressure: A complex hormonal disease called PCOS has repercussions for a woman's entire health in addition to its effects on the reproductive system. The increased chance of developing hypertension, or high blood pressure, is one serious health issue connected to PCOD symptoms and PCOD treatment. The underlying metabolic issues and hormonal imbalances that characterise PCOS are frequently blamed for this risk.

  • Weight Gain: PCOD problem symptoms frequently result in weight gain and difficulty reducing weight. The hormonal abnormalities linked to PCOD can cause insulin resistance, which makes it more difficult for the body to control blood sugar levels and regulate weight.

  • Hair Loss (Balding): Some people with PCOD symptoms may notice hair thinning or balding, particularly on the scalp. This can be distressing and may affect self-confidence. PCOD treatment can help to reduce hair loss by regulating hormones and improving insulin sensitivity.

  • Mood Swings: Hormonal fluctuations in PCOD can contribute to mood swings, which can range from feeling down or anxious to experiencing more severe mood disorders. PCOD treatment can help to improve mood by regulating hormones and reducing stress.

  • Pelvic Pain: A sign of PCOD symptoms might be pelvic pain or discomfort, though not everyone with the condition feels this. Ovarian cysts, which are tiny fluid-filled sacs on the ovaries, are frequently to blame for it. PCOD treatment can help to manage pelvic pain by reducing inflammation and improving insulin sensitivity.

  • Difficulty Getting Pregnant: Ovulation irregularities are a common cause of PCOD, which leads to infertility. PCOD symptoms can make trying to get pregnant more difficult.

  • Skin Issues: Besides acne, some individuals with problems of PCOD symptoms may also have dark patches of skin, particularly around the neck and in skin creases. This condition is called acanthosis nigricans.

  • Insulin Resistance: A hormone produced by the pancreas is insulin. It allows the utilization of sugar, the body's primary source of vitality, by cells. The amount of sugar in the blood may increase if cells develop immunity to the adverse effects of insulin. Your body might generate more insulin as a result of an effort to lower the blood sugar level.

Treatment for PCOD can increase insulin sensitivity and lower the chance of developing type 2 diabetes.

Homeopathic Treatments:

If you people are suffering from any one of the PCOD/PCOS symptoms that have been mentioned above. So don't worry here are PCOD treatments to deal with PCOD. You can try changing what you eat and doing some exercise to help with your weight and the sugar in your blood and many more like this. There are also medicines like special pills to help with hair and pimples. You can be cure your PCOD problems with the help of homeopathy treatment or homeopathic medicines. There are many benefits of homeopathy. If you want to have a baby, there are treatments for that too. Further, let's analyze these treatments in more detail.

Dr. Sahil Arora (one of the best homeopathy doctor in Delhi) suggests us that how can be cure PCOD with the help of homeopathy.

pcos symptoms
  • Diet Modification: The management of weight, which is frequently an issue with PCOD, and blood sugar levels can both be aided by a balanced diet that places an emphasis on healthy grains, lean meats, fruits, and vegetables. PCOD treatment often includes dietary changes like losing weight, avoiding surgery drinks, and many more.

  • Regular Exercise: Exercise on a regular basis can improve insulin sensitivity and help you manage your weight. Brisk walking is a modest form of exercise that offers benefits.

  • Birth Control Pills: Oral contraceptives are often prescribed to regulate menstrual cycles and manage hormone levels in women with PCOD treatment. They can also help reduce acne and excess hair growth.

  • Ovulation Induction: Medications like Clomiphene may be used to induce ovulation in women who are attempting to get pregnant.

  • Ovarian Surgery: In rare cases, a surgical procedure called ovarian drilling may be considered. This involves using heat or laser to puncture the ovarian follicles, which can help induce regular ovulation.

  • Weight loss: Getting to and keeping a healthy weight will greatly reduce PCOD symptoms and increase the chances of becoming a more effective PCOD treatment. This frequently entails a mixture of food, exercise, and, occasionally, assistance from medical specialists or licensed dietitians.

  • Psychological Support: PCOD can have emotional and psychological effects due to its impact on appearance, fertility, and mood. Seeking PCOD treatment and support from a therapist or counselor can be helpful in managing these aspects.

PCOD Diet Treatment:

The treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) typically includes a blend of lifestyle modifications and dietary changes. A PCOS-friendly diet treatment seeks to enhance insulin sensitivity, balance hormones, and address weight management. Below are dietary recommendations for managing PCOS:

  • Balanced Meal: Prioritize well-rounded meals that encompass carbohydrates, protein, and healthy fats. Lower consumption of unmixed carbs and sugar.

  • Lean Proteins: PCOD diet treatment includes lean protein sources in your diet, such as beans, tofu, fish, and fowl. Protein promotes muscular health and satiety.

  • Fiber-Rich Foods: Blood sugar regulation and weight control are made easier with fiber. Develop a diet that includes fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

  • Caffeine and Alcohol: Limit your consumption of caffeine and alcohol, as excessive intake can disrupt hormone balance and affect sleep.

  • Anti-Inflammatory Foods: Include inflammatory-reducing foods like turmeric, ginger, and fatty fish (like salmon and mackerel) in your diet. Chronic inflammation may exacerbate the signs and symptoms of PCOS.

  • Hydration: Be sure to have enough water during the day to stay hydrated. Excellent options include herbal teas and non-sweetened beverages.

  • Complex Carbs: Pick whole grains (such as brown rice and quinoa), legumes, and non-starchy vegetables that are high in fiber and low in glycemic index (GI), which are complex carbs. These foods aid in blood sugar stabilization.

Keep in mind that the ideal PCOS diet treatment can differ from person to person. Therefore, it's essential to customize dietary adjustments according to your individual requirements and seek guidance and support from a healthcare professional to effectively manage your PCOS.

Difference Between PCOD and PCOS





​PCOD refers to the presence of ovarian cysts.

PCOS is a broader term encompassing hormonal imbalances, irregular periods, and more.

Diagnostic Criteria

Diagnosis primarily relies on ovarian cysts seen via ultrasound.

Diagnosis based on ovarian cysts or not, clinical symptoms, irregular menstrual periods, and hormonal imbalances.

Hormonal Imbalances

While hormonal imbalances can occur, they aren't a defining feature.

Hormonal imbalances, including elevated androgens and LH/FSH ratio imbalance, are central.


PCOD Symptoms may include irregular periods, pelvic pain, and occasional hormonal issues.

A wide range of symptoms like irregular or absent periods, hirsutism, acne, male-pattern baldness, and insulin resistance

Metabolic Factors

May or may not be associated with metabolic issues like insulin resistance and obesity.

Commonly associated with insulin resistance, metabolic disturbances, and weight management challenges

Long-Term Health Risk

Generally less associated with long-term health risks.

Linked to increased risk of conditions like type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular issues, and endometrial cancer due to menstrual irregularities

Treatment Approach

Treatment of PCOD may focus on managing specific symptoms or cyst-related issues

PCOS management involves addressing hormonal imbalances, metabolic health, and symptom relief

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What does PCOD stand for, and what is its significance in women's health?

PCOD stands for Polycystic Ovary Disease. It holds significant importance in women's health due to its impact on reproductive health, causing symptoms like irregular menstrual cycles, infertility, and hormonal imbalances.

How is PCOD different from PCOS?

PCOS, or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, is a condition that affects women during their reproductive years. PCOD is a term often used interchangeably with PCOS, referring to the presence of cysts in the ovaries and related symptoms.

What are the key symptoms of PCOD?

PCOD symptoms include irregular menstrual cycles, excessive hair growth, acne, high blood pressure, weight gain, hair loss, mood swings, pelvic pain, difficulty getting pregnant, and skin issues.

How does PCOD affect menstrual cycles?

PCOD can lead to irregular menstrual cycles, with periods occurring too frequently or infrequently. Extended intervals between periods and difficulties conceiving are common manifestations.

Can PCOD cause excessive hair growth?

Yes, PCOD can cause hirsutism, leading to enhanced hair growth in areas where it is typically low, such as the face, chest, and back.

Is acne a common symptom of PCOD?

Yes, persistent acne outbreaks are a common symptom of PCOD, affecting individuals with hormonal imbalances.

How does PCOD contribute to high blood pressure?

PCOD is associated with metabolic issues and hormonal imbalances, increasing the risk of developing high blood pressure in affected individuals.

Why does PCOD lead to weight gain?

Hormonal abnormalities linked to PCOD can cause insulin resistance, making it challenging for the body to regulate blood sugar levels and weight, resulting in weight gain.

Can PCOD cause hair loss or balding?

Yes, some individuals with PCOD may experience hair thinning or balding, particularly on the scalp, which can be addressed through PCOD treatment.

How do hormonal fluctuations in PCOD contribute to mood swings?

Hormonal fluctuations in PCOD can lead to mood swings, ranging from mild to severe mood disorders, which can be improved through PCOD treatment.

Is pelvic pain a common symptom of PCOD?

Pelvic pain may occur as a symptom of PCOD, often associated with ovarian cysts. PCOD treatment can help manage pelvic pain.

Does PCOD make it difficult to get pregnant?

Yes, ovulation irregularities associated with PCOD can make it more challenging for individuals to conceive. PCOD treatment can address this issue.

What are the skin issues related to PCOD?

Besides acne, individuals with PCOD may experience dark patches of skin, known as acanthosis nigricans, especially around the neck and skin creases.

How does PCOD contribute to insulin resistance?

PCOD can lead to insulin resistance, where cells become less responsive to insulin, resulting in increased blood sugar levels. PCOD treatment can improve insulin sensitivity.

What are the homeopathic treatments for PCOD?

Homeopathic treatments for PCOD include dietary modifications, regular exercise, and specific medications to address symptoms like hair loss and pimples.

How can diet modification help in PCOD treatment?

A balanced diet focusing on healthy grains, lean meats, fruits, and vegetables can aid in weight management and blood sugar control, essential aspects of PCOD treatment.

What role does exercise play in managing PCOD?

Regular exercise improves insulin sensitivity and helps manage weight, making it beneficial for individuals with PCOD.

How do birth control pills contribute to PCOD treatment?

Birth control pills are often prescribed to regulate menstrual cycles, manage hormone levels, and reduce acne and excess hair growth in PCOD treatment.

What dietary recommendations are included in PCOD diet treatment?

PCOD diet treatment emphasizes balanced meals, lean proteins, fiber-rich foods, limited caffeine and alcohol intake, anti-inflammatory foods, and hydration for blood sugar regulation and weight management.

Is a personalized approach important in PCOS diet treatment?

Yes, the ideal PCOD diet treatment can vary from person to person, emphasizing the importance of personalized dietary adjustments based on individual requirements and guidance from healthcare professionals.

About Author


Dr. Sahil Arora is an experienced homeopathy specialist. He has more than 13 years of experience in this field. He started his medical career in 2011 after getting his BHMS degree from Nehru Homoeopathic Medical College in New Delhi. Later, he earned a postgraduate degree from Bakson Homoeopathic Medical College and specialized in predictive homeopathy at the International College of Homeopathic Medicine, affiliated with The European Centre for Peace and Development—an organization connected to the United Nations.

Before, Dr. Sahil worked as an assistant professor and spent two years at Esic Hospital in Gurugram. He focuses on understanding both the mental and physical health of his patients, providing comprehensive care.

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